Copenhagen’s “Finger Plan” of 1947 has been influential to the city’s clean and ecologically sound environment. A sound example for thinking the urban through landscape. Landscape urbanism is after all the intervention upon processes and productions of urbanization, an important challenge Denmark’s Copenhagen was facing.
The conceptual project was started to prevent urban sprawl on a small scale and eventually because of its success, it became a policy. The Green Finger Plan has affected the alignment and placement of the city’s parks and open spaces since 1947, when it was introduced, and the basic idea is still included in the new park policy, which was adopted in February 2004. The major challenges were rapid urbanization and increased immigrants in the post war period. To address these issues, a group of Architects and planners initiate the concept of finger plan. The concept directed Housing and businesses along five train lines and roads. The spaces between them were utilized as green areas for recreation. It aimed to take upon eco challenges such as being the world’s first carbon- neutral capital, becoming a city with lesser air, water and noise pollution.
In addition to the green wedges, a ring connecting them was introduced in 2005 forming a network of greenery. The new objectives was to promote high-quality urban living, prevent urban sprawl and prevent overcrowded cityscapes. We can say the policy was implemented successfully from the impact it had on the public. Carbon emissions were decreased by about 9% in two decades. The parks and beaches were more accessible and walkable. Additionally, the metropolitan economy grew by 30 %. Like Charles Waldheim says, landscape was used as a model or analogue for human perception and experience. Not only has it prevented urban sprawl, it has also prevented the construction of chaotic and congested cityscapes with a low quality of life.
Waldheim, C. (2016). Landscape as Urbanism: a general theory.
Landscape facets Reflections and proposals for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention